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Capture of high numbers of simulium vectors can be achieved with host decoy traps to support data acquisition in the onchocerciasis elimination endgame

Capture of high numbers of simulium vectors can be achieved with host decoy traps to support data acquisition in the onchocerciasis elimination endgame

Talom, Blaise Armand Defo, Enyong, Peter, Cheke, Robert A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7437-1934, Djouaka, Rousseau and Hawkes, Frances M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0964-3702 (2021) Capture of high numbers of simulium vectors can be achieved with host decoy traps to support data acquisition in the onchocerciasis elimination endgame. Acta Tropica, 221:106020. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2021.106020)

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Abstract

Onchocerciasis elimination is within reach in many countries but requires enhanced surveillance of the Simulium vectors of Onchocerca volvulus. Collection of sufficient numbers of adult Simulium to detect infective O. volvulus larvae is hindered by limited sampling tools for these flies. Here, we tested for the first time the Host Decoy Trap (HDT), an exposure free method previously developed for Anopheles vectors of malaria parasites, as a potential sampling tool for adult Simulium. In three replicates of a randomized Latin square experimental design, the HDT was compared to Human Landing Catches (HLC) and the Esperanza Window Trap (EWT). A total of 8,531 adult S. damnosum sensu lato blackflies (S. squamosum group) were found in catches from the three different trapping methods. The HDT (mean catch 533 ± 111) caught significantly more S. squamosum than the EWT (mean catch 9.1 ± 2.2), a nearly 60-fold difference. There was no significant difference between the HLC (mean catch 385.6 ± 80.9) and the HDT. Larvae indistinguishable from those of O. volvulus were dissected from 2.86% of HDT samples (n=70) and 0.35% of HLC samples (n=285); a single infective third-stage larvae (L3) was found during dissection of a sample from the HDT. Owing to its very high capture rate, which was comparable to the HLC and significantly greater than EWT, alongside the presence of infected flies in its catch, the HDT represents a potentially valuable new tool for blackfly collection in elimination settings, where thousands of flies are needed for parasite screening.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blackflies, surveillance, onchocerciasis, elimination, Cameroon, host decoy trap
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Faculty / School / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 13:55
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33072

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