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Building information modelling for performance-based fire safety engineering analysis – a strategy for data sharing

Building information modelling for performance-based fire safety engineering analysis – a strategy for data sharing

Siddiqui, Asim A. ORCID: 0000-0003-1090-871X, Ewer, John A. ORCID: 0000-0003-0609-272X, Lawrence, Peter J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231, Galea, Edwin R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 and Frost, Ian R. (2021) Building information modelling for performance-based fire safety engineering analysis – a strategy for data sharing. Journal of Building Engineering, 42:102794. ISSN 2352-7102 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102794)

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Abstract

The Hackitt Report into the tragic loss of 72 lives in the Grenfell Tower fire, identified failures and poor practices associated with the UK construction industry. To address these failures the report makes several recommendations, including the development of a “golden thread of information” to be embedded throughout the entire building lifecycle enabling the recording and preservation of information. This is to be achieved through Building Information Modelling (BIM). However, to create a “golden thread of information” in BIM from the Fire Safety Engineering (FSE) perspective particularly for the performance-based approach, many significant challenges and limitations must be resolved. These challenges include the fact that no FSE specific information exchange is available in BIM and that the results produced by fire and evacuation modelling tools are not explicitly captured in the BIM Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) Model. Of the FSE tools that support BIM, this is mainly limited to geometry extraction from an IFC file. In this paper, a practical conceptual strategy to pave the way to resolve these problems is proposed. A number of developments by the authors are discussed, forming part of an international collaboration project proposal administered by buildingSMART to enhance the IFC Model from the FSE perspective. Additionally, to evaluate and demonstrate the benefits of two-way data flow between BIM and FSE tools, a prototype system together with a preliminary FSE based analysis database have been developed. The work presented in this paper, provides a practical road map for creating a 'golden thread of information' in BIM for performance-based FSE analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Building information modelling; Fire safety engineering; Evacuation modelling; Fire modelling; Industry foundation classes
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CAM)
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 12:09
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/32977

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