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The effects of halogenated compounds on the anaerobic digestion of macroalgae

The effects of halogenated compounds on the anaerobic digestion of macroalgae

Nielsen, Birthe V ORCID: 0000-0002-0849-4987, Maneein, Supattra, Al Farid, Md Mahmud and Milledge, John J (2020) The effects of halogenated compounds on the anaerobic digestion of macroalgae. Fermentation, 6 (3):85. ISSN 2311-5637 (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation6030085)

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Abstract

The urgent need to replace fossil fuels has seen macroalgae advancing as a potential feedstock for anaerobic digestion. The natural methane productivity (dry weight per hectare) of seaweeds is greater than in many terrestrial plant systems. As part of their defence systems, seaweeds, unlike terrestrial plants, produce a range of halogenated secondary metabolites, especially chlorinated and brominated compounds. Some orders of brown seaweeds also accumulate iodine, up to 1.2% of their dry weight. Fluorine remains rather unusual within the chemical structure. Halogenated hydrocarbons have moderate to high toxicities. In addition, halogenated organic compounds constitute a large group of environmental chemicals due to their extensive use in industry and agriculture. In recent years, concerns over the environmental fate and release of these halogenated organic compounds have resulted in research into their biodegradation and the evidence emerging shows that many of these compounds are more easily degraded under strictly anaerobic conditions compared to aerobic biodegradation. Biosorption via seaweed has become an alternative to the existing technologies in removing these pollutants. Halogenated compounds are known inhibitors of methane production from ruminants and humanmade anaerobic digesters. The focus of this paper is reviewing the available information on the effects of halogenated organic compounds on anaerobic digestion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anaerobic digestion; biogas; methane; halogenated compounds; seaweed; macroalgae
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty / School / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 15:57
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/32812

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