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A comparative study of flooding on food security of urban and rural households in Blantyre City and Chikwawa, Malawi

A comparative study of flooding on food security of urban and rural households in Blantyre City and Chikwawa, Malawi

Joshua, Miriam D.K., Stathers, Tanya ORCID: 0000-0002-7767-6186, Chirwa, Ruth K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Lamboll, Richard, Monjerezi, M., Mwathunga, E., Kasei, R., Chipungu, F. and Liwenga, E. (2021) A comparative study of flooding on food security of urban and rural households in Blantyre City and Chikwawa, Malawi. In: Godwell, Nhamo and Chikodzi, David, (eds.) Cyclones in Southern Africa: Volume 3: Implications for the Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainable Development Goals Series, 3 . Springer Nature, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3030743024 (In Press) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74303-1)

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Abstract

The impacts of climate-related risks on rural-urban linkages and the food systems on which urban settlements depend are poorly understood. This study analysed i) the climate trends for Blantyre City and rural Chikwawa district in Malawi, ii) the sources of foods typically consumed in these locations, iii) the implications of flooding following Tropical Cyclone Idai on urban and rural households interconnected agri-food systems and food security. Although floods were reported to cause both positive and negative effects on food production, food flows between rural and urban areas, and household food security; the negative effects (i.e., destruction of crops, homes and transport routes; higher food prices) outweighed the positive. In both rural and urban areas, poorer households were disproportionately affected resulting in reduced dietary diversity and food intake, shifts to consumption of cheaper foods, and requests for emergency food donations. Given the rapid rate of urbanisation, better understanding of food security amongst urban households is required. Following extreme events such as flooding, special attention needs to be directed to assessing and addressing food availability, access and consumption challenges in both urban and rural areas reliant on interconnected agricultural and food flows, and particularly in poor households.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: food systems, climate change adaptation, extreme events, urban-rural linkages
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food Systems Research Group
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 11 May 2021 20:45
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/32310

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