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Sublethal effects of bistrifluron on key biological traits, macronutrients contents and vitellogenin (SeVg) expression in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner)

Sublethal effects of bistrifluron on key biological traits, macronutrients contents and vitellogenin (SeVg) expression in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner)

Hafeez, Muhammad, Li, Xiaowei, Musa Khan, Muhammad, Imran, Muhammad, Zhang, Zhijun, Huang, Jun, Jinming, Zhang, Shah, Sakhawat, Wang, Likun, Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela ORCID: 0000-0002-2993-390X, Ali, Sajjad and Lu, Yaobin (2021) Sublethal effects of bistrifluron on key biological traits, macronutrients contents and vitellogenin (SeVg) expression in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 174:104802. ISSN 0048-3575 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2021.104802)

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Abstract

The beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, is a highly polyphagous pest originated from Southeast Asia but has spread globally, attacking economically important crops and fruits. Bistrifluron insecticide is one of the highly active insect growth regulators that has been reported to inhibit development and longevity in other lepidopteran species and could be used in the control of S. exigua. In the present study, the age-stage, two-sex life table technique was applied to assess the sublethal effects of bistrifluron on biological traits and vitellogenin gene (SeVg) expression when 2nd instar larvae fed to sublethal concentrations (LC10, LC20 and LC40) of bistrifluron. Mean generation time from eggs to adults was longer at LC40 (37.79 ± 0.81 d) and LC20 (37.04 ± 0.72) compared to the LC10 (36.89 ± 0.63 d) and control groups (36.07 ± 0.38 d). Fecundity of female at LC40 (279.17 ± 42.8 eggs), LC20 (347 ± 35.4 eggs) and LC10 (411.58 ± 42.38 eggs) were significantly lower than the control treatment (532.47 ± 7.13). Furthermore, the lower intrinsic rates of increase (LC40; r = 0.1207 ± 0.009, LC20; r = 0.1329 ± 0.009 and LC10; r = 0.14398 ± 0.009 compared to the control r = 0.164 ± 0.0076), was observed along with significantly extended mean generation times (LC40; T = 34.825 ± 0.317 days, LC20; T = 33.27 ± 0.368 days and LC10; T = 31.899 ± 0.398 days compared to the control 30.927 ± 0.255 days). Furthermore, the contents of energy reserve macronutrients (carbohydrate, lipid and protein) significantly reduced in dose and time dependent manner in treated insects as compared to control. Furthermore, the expression level of SeVg mRNA significantly decreased by 43.8% in the female adults when one-day-old second instar larvae were treated with sublethal concentrations of bistrifluron in comparison with the control. Documenting these sublethal effects is a vital, and often overlooked factor, in assessing the overall efficacy of insecticides in the management of pest populations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: spodoptera exigua, sublethal effects, insect growth regulators, micronutrients, life table study, SeVg expression
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Chemical Ecology Research Group
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2021 10:35
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/31971

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