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Characterization of shock waves in power ultrasound

Characterization of shock waves in power ultrasound

Khavari, Mohammad, Priyadarshi, Abhinav, Hurrell, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999, Eskin, Dmitry and Tzanakis, Iakovos (2021) Characterization of shock waves in power ultrasound. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 915 (R3). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0022-1120 (Print), 1469-7645 (Online) (doi:

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The application of cavitation-induced shock waves generated at low driving frequencies, known as power ultrasound, is essential for a wide range of fields, such as sonochemistry, lithotripsy, nanomaterials, emulsions and casting, to name but a few. In this paper, we present measurements of the shock wave pressures emitted by cavitating bubbles in water, under ultrasonic excitation produced by an immersed probe oscillating at 24 kHz. A broad-spectrum fibre-optic hydrophone calibrated in the range of 1–30 MHz was used for this purpose. Spectral analysis of the data reveals a consistent resonance peak at a very narrow range of frequencies (3.27–3.43 MHz). Results were confirmed using real-time analysis of high-speed recordings. By eliminating other possible sources, we propose that this new peak might be associated with shock wave emissions from collapsing bubbles. Spatial maps obtained by collating individual shock wave pressures highlight the effect of pressure shielding with increasing input power, attributed to a cloud of bubbles surrounding the probe. This work contributes towards the elucidation of the key properties of cavitation-driven shock waves and the underlying mechanisms, essential in controlling the effectiveness of the external processing conditions on various physical, chemical and biological systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s), 2021. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: shock waves, cavitation
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Computational Science & Engineering Group (CSEG)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 10:00

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