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The molecular mechanisms that determine different degrees of polyphagy in the Bemisia tabaci species complex

The molecular mechanisms that determine different degrees of polyphagy in the Bemisia tabaci species complex

Malka, Osnat ORCID: 0000-0003-0193-377X, Feldmesser, Ester, van Brunschot, Sharon ORCID: 0000-0002-9634-9463, Santos‐Garcia, Diego ORCID: 0000-0002-3401-2662, Han, Wen‐Hao, Seal, Susan ORCID: 0000-0002-3952-1562, Colvin, John ORCID: 0000-0001-6413-580X and Morin, Shai ORCID: 0000-0003-2157-1999 (2020) The molecular mechanisms that determine different degrees of polyphagy in the Bemisia tabaci species complex. Evolutionary Applications, 14 (3). pp. 807-820. ISSN 1752-4563 (Print), 1752-4571 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.13162)

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Abstract

The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is a closely related group of >35 cryptic species that feed on the phloem sap of a broad range of host plants. Species in the complex differ in their host‐range breadth, but the mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. We investigated, therefore, how six different B. tabaci species cope with the environmental unpredictability presented by a set of four common and novel host plants. Behavioral studies indicated large differences in performances on the four hosts and putative specialization of one of the species to cassava plants. Transcriptomic analyses revealed two main insights. First, a large set of genes involved in metabolism (>85%) showed differences in expression between the six species, and each species could be characterized by its own unique expression pattern of metabolic genes. However, within species, these genes were constitutively expressed, with a low level of environmental responsiveness (i.e., to host change). Second, within each species, sets of genes mainly associated with the super‐pathways “environmental information processing” and “organismal systems” responded to the host switching events. These included genes encoding for proteins involved in sugar homeostasis, signal transduction, membrane transport, and immune, endocrine, sensory and digestive responses. Our findings suggested that the six B. tabaci species can be divided into four performance/transcriptomic “Types” and that polyphagy can be achieved in multiple ways. However, polyphagy level is determined by the specific identity of the metabolic genes/pathways that are enriched and overexpressed in each species (the species' individual metabolic “tool kit”).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors. Evolutionary Applications published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bemisia tabaci, constitutive and plastic expression, host adaptation, insect–plant interactions, molecular mechanisms, polyphagy
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2021 18:35
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/31859

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