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Rail-based transit-oriented development: lessons from New York City and Hong Kong

Rail-based transit-oriented development: lessons from New York City and Hong Kong

Loo, Becky P.Y., Chen, Cynthia and Chan, Eric T.H. ORCID: 0000-0001-9611-0949 (2010) Rail-based transit-oriented development: lessons from New York City and Hong Kong. Landscape and Urban Planning, 97 (3). pp. 202-212. ISSN 0169-2046 (doi:

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The idea of using transit-oriented development (TOD) in reducing automobile dependency and improving the sustainability of transportation activities has gained wider support in recent years. Research findings have shown that residents living in TOD neighborhood used transit more frequently than people having similar socio-economic characteristics but living elsewhere. Most of the existing studies on TOD and transit ridership used recently developed sites or suburban neighborhoods as case studies. However, limited research studies have been conducted on TOD using city-wide station-level data. By using the heavy rail systems in New York City and Hong Kong as case studies, factors which are expected to contribute to higher rail transit ridership are analyzed by using multiple regressions. The results show that a combination of variables in different dimensions, including (i) land use, (ii) station characteristics, (iii) socio-economic and demographic characteristics and (iv) inter-modal competition were important in accounting for the variability of rail transit ridership. In particular, station characteristics appeared to be the most important dimension in affecting average weekday railway patronage. Future research on TOD may pay more attention on examining how various aspects of station characteristics can be modified to increase railway patronage. Besides, car ownership is both significant and positively associated with railway patronage. The result suggests that higher car ownership may be associated with more pick-ups, drop-offs and park-and-ride activities to the transit stations for the longer transit trip legs. Furthermore, this study shows that place-specific factors are important in influencing railway patronage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: transit-oriented development, rail transit ridership, land use, station patronage, New York City, Hong Kong
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Systems Management & Strategy
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2021 13:54

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