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Assessing the effect of insecticide-treated cattle on tsetse abundance and trypanosome transmission at the wildlife-livestock interface in Serengeti, Tanzania

Assessing the effect of insecticide-treated cattle on tsetse abundance and trypanosome transmission at the wildlife-livestock interface in Serengeti, Tanzania

Mireji, Paul O., Lord, Jennifer S. ORCID: 0000-0001-6616-1526, Lea, Rachel S. ORCID: 0000-0003-0511-5459, Allan, Fiona K. ORCID: 0000-0002-1391-0519, Byamungu, Mechtilda, Hall, David R. ORCID: 0000-0002-7887-466X, Lingley, Jessica, Mramba, Furaha, Paxton, Edith, Vale, Glyn A., Hargrove, John W. ORCID: 0000-0003-0346-5260, Morrison, Liam J. ORCID: 0000-0002-8304-9066, Torr, Stephen J. ORCID: 0000-0001-9550-4030 and Auty, Harriet K. ORCID: 0000-0002-6181-3780 (2020) Assessing the effect of insecticide-treated cattle on tsetse abundance and trypanosome transmission at the wildlife-livestock interface in Serengeti, Tanzania. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 14 (8). e0008288. ISSN 1935-2735 (Print), 1935-2727 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008288)

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Abstract

In the absence of national control programmes against Rhodesian human African trypanosomiasis, farmer-led treatment of cattle with pyrethroid-based insecticides may be an effective strategy for foci at the edges of wildlife areas, but there is limited evidence to support this. We combined data on insecticide use by farmers, tsetse abundance and trypanosome prevalence, with mathematical models, to quantify the likely impact of insecticide-treated cattle. Sixteen percent of farmers reported treating cattle with a pyrethroid, and chemical analysis indicated 18% of individual cattle had been treated, in the previous week. Treatment of cattle was estimated to increase daily mortality of tsetse by 5–14%. Trypanosome prevalence in tsetse, predominantly from wildlife areas, was 1.25% for T. brucei s.l. and 0.03% for T. b. rhodesiense. For 750 cattle sampled from 48 herds, 2.3% were PCR positive for T. brucei s.l. and none for T. b. rhodesiense. Using mathematical models, we estimated there was 8–29% increase in mortality of tsetse in farming areas and this increase can explain the relatively low prevalence of T. brucei s.l. in cattle. Farmer-led treatment of cattle with pyrethroids is likely, in part, to be limiting the spill-over of human-infective trypanosomes from wildlife areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: trypanosoma brucei s.l., trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, glossina
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Chemical Ecology Research Group
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 11:41
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/30890

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