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Domestic migration and mobile phones: a qualitative case study focused on recent migrants to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Domestic migration and mobile phones: a qualitative case study focused on recent migrants to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Mikal, Jude, Grace, Kathryn, DeWaard, Jack, Brown, Molly ORCID: 0000-0001-7384-3314 and Sangli, Gabriel (2020) Domestic migration and mobile phones: a qualitative case study focused on recent migrants to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Plos One, 15 (8):e0236248. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236248)

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Abstract

Migration has long been used as a strategy for livelihood diversification in rural, subsistence communities. Yet in order for migration to effectively serve as a livelihood diversification strategy, it should meet certain conditions: migration should ease financial burdens, should confer access to economically valuable resources and information, and should broaden social networks. Using qualitative data gathered in 25 interviews with rural migrants to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, we examine how mobile phone technology has impacted migration as a livelihood diversification strategy. Our results show that while mobile phones facilitate migration, the advantages conferred may benefit migrants at the expense of the home communities. Mobile phones alleviate financial constraints, enable access to broader networks, and facilitate informational and resource support among migrants. Our results show limited evidence of migrants using mobile phone technology to provide resources or information to the home community. Our results highlight the need to reconsider the ways in which migration can be used as a livelihood diversification strategy in light of changing communication technologies to promote the economic success of both migrants and their home communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: migration, Burkina Faso, mobile phones, information, women, livelihoods
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 21:57
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/30832

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