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Cross-cultural comparison of behavioural itinerary actions and times in wildfire evacuations

Cross-cultural comparison of behavioural itinerary actions and times in wildfire evacuations

Vaiciulyte, Sandra, Hulse, Lynn M. ORCID: 0000-0001-5582-3520, Veeraswamy, Anand and Galea, Edwin R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 (2020) Cross-cultural comparison of behavioural itinerary actions and times in wildfire evacuations. Safety Science, 135:105122. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105122)

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Abstract

Evacuation of residents during wildfire is a highly time-sensitive process. Available time may be limited. Previous research on other types of incident demonstrate that individuals delay their evacuation by first undertaking actions in response to the threat. However, currently there is little evidence of what actions individuals undertake (‘behavioural itineraries’), how many, which are prioritised, and how much time is committed to them in a wildfire. Additionally, where some understanding exists concerning human behaviour in wildfire evacuations, data has mostly been acquired from Australia; European regions, which are increasingly threatened by wildfires, lack attention. This study presents the first cross-cultural investigation of its kind: survey data (N = 293) from the South of France and Australia were compared. Participants with actual experience of wildfires and those inexperienced yet residing in at-risk areas answered questions about what they did or would hypothetically do, respectively, and for how long, prior to commencing evacuation. Results revealed that, across the two regions, the discrete actions comprising behavioural itineraries were similar overall, albeit their priority sometimes differed. However, when analysed by category, the prioritisation of actions was uniform across samples. Of significance is the finding that regional differences were also observed in relation to: mean number of actions, time committed to actions and the influence of socio-demographic factors, indicating geographical and cultural determinants. Implications for future research, evacuation modelling and wildfire management, education and training are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evacuation; Time; Human behaviour; Action; Wildfire; Cross-cultural
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CAM)
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2020 14:29
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/30661

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