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Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability assessment: The case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia

Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability assessment: The case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia

Picchioni, Fiorella ORCID: 0000-0002-3456-386X, Warren, Geoff P., Lambert, Smilja, Balcombe, Kelvin, Robinson, J. Steve, Srinivasan, Chittur, Gomez, Leonardo, Faas, Laura, Westwood, Nicholas J., Chatzifragkou, Afroditi, Charalampopoulos, Dimitris and Shaw, Liz J. (2020) Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability assessment: The case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia. Sustainability, 12 (21):8962. pp. 1-16. ISSN 2071-1050 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218962)

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Abstract

The uptake of innovative technologies and practices in agriculture aimed at the valorisation of natural resources can be scant in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Integration of financial viability assessments with farmers and environmental evaluations can help to understand some aspects of the low uptakes of innovations. Using the case study of Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH) valorisation in Indonesia, we provide insights into (i) a choice modelling method to assess the economic viability of CPH valorisation and (ii) an agronomic trial assessing the consequences on soil quality of diverting CPH from its role as a natural fertilizer. The economic viability assessment suggested that farmers require higher levels of compensation than might be expected to collect or process CPH (a small proportion of farmers would undertake all processing activities for 117 GBP/t CPH). The agronomic trial concluded that CPH plays only a minor role in the maintenance of soil phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, but it plays an important role for crop potassium. CPH removal would reduce the partial balances for carbon and nitrogen by 15.6% and 19.6%, respectively. Diversion of CPH from current practices should consider the long-term effects on soil quality, especially because it might create increased reliance on mineral fertilizers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cocoa pod husk (CPH); valorisation; choice experiment; soil quality; soil carbon; soil nutrients
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2021 15:02
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/30037

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