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Developing human rights at sea

Developing human rights at sea

Haines, Steven (2020) Developing human rights at sea. Ocean Yearbook, 35. ISSN 0191-8575 (Print), 2211-6001 (Online)

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International Human Rights Law (IHRL) is a recent addition to the general body of international law. Despite the significance of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the law based upon it did not achieve meaningful substance until conventional law dealing with Human Rights had entered into force and international conditions had allowed for the customary acceptance of the rules it contained. The 1970s were an important period in the IHRL narrative. The two international Human Rights covenants from 1966 entered into force in 1976, Amnesty International received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977 and Human Rights Watch was founded (as Helsinki Watch) the following year. These two non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have since been the principal civil society monitoring and advocacy bodies advancing the cause of Human Rights globally and they contributed significantly to the growing influence of Human Rights from the 1970s onwards.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Steven Haines. 2020. All Rights Reserved. Licensee HRAS ( This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC-ND) license (
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Rights at Sea; Development; Advocacy; Compliance; Geneva Declaration
Subjects: V Naval Science > V Naval Science (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Law & Criminology (LAC)
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Last Modified: 12 Oct 2022 13:24

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