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A definitional framework of poisoning crimes

A definitional framework of poisoning crimes

Kilbane, Sarah C. ORCID: 0000-0003-4752-5755 and Wilson, Margaret A. (2020) A definitional framework of poisoning crimes. In: Conyers, Addrain and Calhoun, Thomas C., (eds.) Deviance Today. Routledge, United Kingdom, pp. 104-117. ISBN 978-0367819545 (doi:https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003053286-8)

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Abstract

This chapter proposes an empirically derived definitional framework that can both bring together poisoning crimes for comparison while distinguishing different forms of criminal activity based on three variables indicative of perpetrator intentions and motivations; the specificity of victim targeting, the motivational goal and the precipitating form of violence. Based on their classification on these variables, it presents eight broad forms of poisoning crimes, along with subordinate crimes, which can be used to facilitate comparison and differentiation. The first crime group involves highly specified victims targeted for personal reasons using instrumental violence. Such incidents may occur when a perpetrator attacks an individual known to them for some form of financial—or otherwise instrumental—gain. Assassinations and attempts most frequently involve one victim, although it is possible for attacks to result in multiple casualties. Of each of the groups defined, those involving low specificity victims for political means are perhaps the most difficult to distinguish according to whether they are instrumental or expressive.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: eBook ISBN: 978-1003053286
Uncontrolled Keywords: poisoning, tampering, malicious contamination, deviance
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Crime, Law & (In)Security Research Group (CLS)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Law & Criminology (LAC)
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2021 04:04
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/29649

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