Skip navigation

Systematic determination of the reproductive growth stage most sensitive to high night temperature stress in rice ( Oryza sativa )

Systematic determination of the reproductive growth stage most sensitive to high night temperature stress in rice ( Oryza sativa )

Coast, Onoriode ORCID: 0000-0002-5013-4715, Šebela, David, Quiñones, Cherryl and Jagadish, S.V. Krishna (2020) Systematic determination of the reproductive growth stage most sensitive to high night temperature stress in rice ( Oryza sativa ). Crop Science, 60 (1). pp. 391-403. ISSN 0011-183X (Print), 1435-0653 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/csc2.20086)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
29156 COAST_Systematic_Determination_of_the_Reproductive_Growth_Stage_(OA)_2020.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (835kB) | Preview

Abstract

High night‐temperature (HNT) stress during the reproductive stage of rice (Oryza sativa L.) reduces spikelet fertility and yield by inhibiting important physiological processes. However, specifics such as the period of time that is most sensitive to HNT, is unknown. To investigate this, we conducted four controlled‐environment experiments with two rice cultivars, N22 (HNT tolerant) and WAB56–104 (HNT susceptible). These cultivars were exposed to varying durations and intensities of night temperatures (control, 24°C; HNT, 30 and 35°C) during the reproductive stage. The effect of HNT on spikelet fertility and grain weight varied with duration: spikelet fertility reduced by 47–77% when exposed to HNT for 15 nights, 6–29% when exposed for four nights, and 9–15% when exposed for 5.5 h (pre‐midnight, 1830–0000 h or post‐midnight, 0000–0530 h) for four nights. Spikelet fertility and grain weight were most sensitive to HNT during the first 4 d of anthesis, compared with 1–4, 5–8, and 9–12 d before anthesis. At anthesis, reduction in spikelet fertility did not differ significantly between pre‐ and post‐midnight high‐temperature treatments. Our results suggest that greatest sensitivity to HNT during the reproductive stage occurs during the first 4 d of anthesis, providing a reference for future studies involving HNT tolerance in rice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors. Crop Science published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Crop Science Society of America. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 00:42
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 5
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/29156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics