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Entrepreneurial orientation of traditional and modern cultural organisations: cases in George Town UNESCO World Heritage Site

Entrepreneurial orientation of traditional and modern cultural organisations: cases in George Town UNESCO World Heritage Site

Chan, Jin Hooi ORCID: 0000-0002-6275-9763, Mohamad Hashim, Intan H. M., Khoo, Suet Leng, Lean, Hooi Hooi and Piterou, Athina ORCID: 0000-0003-4138-113X (2020) Entrepreneurial orientation of traditional and modern cultural organisations: cases in George Town UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cogent Social Sciences, 6:1810889. ISSN 2331-1886 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2020.1810889)

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Abstract

George Town World Heritage Site in Penang, Malaysia is well-endowed with creative and cultural resources, and has recently witnessed a rise in relevant rise in creative and cultural activities. This study examines how 'innovation culture' is inculcated and embedded within two local organisations with distinct approaches to innovation. This examination adopts and adapts the concept of Entrepreneurial Orientation, using three constructs: i) innovativeness, ii) risk-taking and iii) pro-activeness. This study administered a purely qualitative research approach by conducting in-depth semi-structured interviews and archival study of the chosen case organisations and their networks. The novelty of this research resides in the choice of case study organisations chosen (i.e. traditional versus modern) where a comparative approach was used to compare and contrast innovation culture and gauge the extent upon which entrepreneurship orientation constructs are prevalent and thriving in these organisations. By documenting the linkages in their value chains, this study managed to understand their resulting social networks and whether such network fosters the incubation of an innovation cluster for the local creative and cultural sectors. This study concluded that traditional cultural organisations tend to be more cautious and even passive in their business approach and decision-making processes, while modern and newer cultural and creative organisations lean towards a more active and dynamic outlook, albeit sometimes constrained by lack of resources, i.e. funding and facilities, as well as impeded by the nature of their informality. These findings can contribute towards shaping pragmatic human resource and creative industry policies for city planners and policy makers, particularly in the George Town World Heritage Site, as well as serving as point of reference for other world heritage sites in the world.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: innovation, creative industries and cultural sectors, UNESCO World Heritage Site, entrepreneurial orientation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Systems Management & Strategy
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA)
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA) > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Faculty of Business > Networks and Urban Systems Centre (NUSC)
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2020 14:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/29105

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