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Do markets and trade help or hurt the global food system adapt to climate change?

Do markets and trade help or hurt the global food system adapt to climate change?

Brown, Molly E. ORCID: 0000-0001-7384-3314, Carr, Edward R., Grace, Kathryn L., Wiebe, Keith, Funk, Christopher C., Attavanich, Witsanu, Backlund, Peter and Buja, Lawrence (2017) Do markets and trade help or hurt the global food system adapt to climate change? Food Policy, 68. pp. 154-159. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2017.02.004)

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Abstract

Rapidly expanding global trade in the past three decades has lifted millions out of people out of poverty. Trade has also reduced manufacturing wages in high income countries and made entire industries uncompetitive in some communities, giving rise to nationalist politics that seek to stop or reverse further trade expansion in the United States and Europe. Given complex and uncertain political support for trade, how might changes in trade policy affect the global food system’s ability to adapt to climate change? Here we argue that we can best understand food security in a changing climate as a double exposure: the exposure of people and processes to both economic and climate-related shocks and stressors. Trade can help us adapt to climate change, or not. If trade restrictions proliferate, double exposure to both a rapidly changing climate and volatile markets will likely jeopardize the food security of millions. A changing climate will present both opportunities and challenges for the global food system, and adapting to its many impacts will affect food availability, food access, food utilization and food security stability for the poorest people across the world. Global trade can continue to play a central role in assuring that glo- bal food system adapts to a changing climate. This potential will only be realized, however, if trade is managed in ways that maximize the benefits of broadened access to new markets while minimizing the risks of increased exposure to international competition and market volatility. For regions like Africa, for example, enhanced transportation networks combined with greater national reserves of cash and enhanced social safety nets could reduce the impact of ‘double exposure’ on food security.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: trade, food security, low income, high income countries, food access, food utilization, food availability, imports, production
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2020 14:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28387

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