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On consumers’ use, brand preference and equity of sports nutrition products

On consumers’ use, brand preference and equity of sports nutrition products

Wesana, Joshua ORCID: 0000-0003-1970-6241, Schouteten, Joachim, Van Acker, Evi, Gellynck, Xavier and De Steur, Hans (2019) On consumers’ use, brand preference and equity of sports nutrition products. British Food Journal, 122 (2). pp. 635-654. ISSN 0007-070X (doi:

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While trends of health and well-being have boosted the development of sports nutrition products, consumer research is limited. The purpose of this paper is to profile sports nutrition users and non-users, and to explain users’ preference and equity of sports nutrition brands. A large online survey (n=3,165) was conducted with users and non-users of sports nutrition drinks in Belgium. Profiling was based on socio-demographic and sport related variables. For users, brand preference and equity of three key sports nutrition brands (n=1,075) were measured. Thereby, a three-dimensional consumer-based brand equity (CBBE) model was applied. Both the socio-demographic (gender, age, education and employment status) and sport profile (frequency, context, reasons and sports nutrition advice) had a significant influence on respondents’ likelihood to use sports nutrition products. For brand preference, the effect of sport and socio-demographic profile was only partially confirmed, with advice and frequency of sport participation being most influential. Furthermore, users’ brand equity was shown to be positively affected by brand quality and brand loyalty, while the impact of brand awareness/associations was not significant for all brands. Insights in the role of the sport and socio-demographic profiles contribute to the understanding of general and brand-specific sports nutrition use. The insignificance of brand awareness/associations for Brand A points to the notion of other implicit factors that possibly mask or transform the effect of brand awareness, yet do not influence brand quality and loyalty. Future theory development could integrate the CBBE model with other explanatory determinants related to consumer (health) behavior theories, or consumer perceptions on marketing efforts, while brand equity measurement could be extended with financial measures. Variations in the impact of brand equity dimensions further lend support for the diversification of marketing strategies in the sports nutrition sector. This study is one of the first to examine the customer market of sports nutrition products and brands.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: consumer-based brand equity, consumer preferences, sports nutrition
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 21:04

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