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A narrative synthesis of qualitative studies conducted to assess patient safety culture in hospital settings

A narrative synthesis of qualitative studies conducted to assess patient safety culture in hospital settings

Alqattan, Hamad, Morrison, Zoe and Cleland, Jennifer A. (2019) A narrative synthesis of qualitative studies conducted to assess patient safety culture in hospital settings. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal [SQUMJ], 19 (2). pp. 91-98. ISSN 2075-051X (Print), 2075-0528 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2019.19.02.002)

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Abstract

This review aimed to identify methodological aspects of qualitative studies conducted to assess patient safety culture (PSC) in hospital settings. Searches of Google Scholar (Google LLC, Menlo Park, California, USA), MEDLINE® (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA), EMBASE (Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands), PsycINFO (American Psychological Association, Washington, District of Columbia, USA) and Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) databases were used to identify qualitative articles published between 2000 and 2017 that focused on PSC. A total of 22 studies were included in this review and analysis of methodological approaches showed that most researchers adopted purposive sampling, individual interviews, inductive content and thematic analysis. PSC was affected by factors related to staffing, communication, nonhuman resources, organisation and patient-related factors. Most studies lacked theoretical frameworks. However, many commonalities were found across studies. Therefore, it is recommended that future studies adopt a mixed methods approach to gain a better understanding of PSC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Patient Safety; Culture; Needs Assessment; Qualitative Research
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Human Resources & Organisational Behaviour
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2020 21:42
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27765

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