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Feeding practices of pre-school children and associated factors in Kathmandu, Nepal

Feeding practices of pre-school children and associated factors in Kathmandu, Nepal

Shrestha, L., Parmar, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2662-1900, Kulig, B., Hensel, O. and Sturm, B. (2019) Feeding practices of pre-school children and associated factors in Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 33 (2). pp. 241-251. ISSN 0952-3871 (Print), 1365-277X (Online) (doi:

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Background: In developing countries such as Nepal, many children aged below 3 years do not grow at a sufficiently high rate and are vulnerable to micronutrient deficiencies (e.g. vitamin A). Challenges to child nutrition can result from poverty, unhealthy traditional practices, inadequate caring and feeding practices. The present study aimed to assess the feeding prac- tices of pre-school children and their associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in pre-schools located in Kathmandu district between February and March 2018. Three levels in terms of price range (lower, medium and higher level) of pre-schools were selected to reach the mothers of children aged ≤3 years. A structured ques- tionnaire was administered to 145 mothers. Descriptive analyses were con- ducted to observe the characteristics of the population. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the association for the factors of mothers’ perception of their current feeding practices. Results: We found that dal-bhat/jaulo was a common complementary food irrespective of socio-economic background. Interestingly, mothers who had received a higher education were significantly less likely to change their feeding practices (odds ratio = 0.118, confidence interval = 0.01–0.94). The mothers that fed a higher quantity porridge to their children showed a high willingness to change the feeding practices. Conclusions: Poor feeding practices are still an important public health problem in Nepal and were observed to be associated with low socio-eco- nomic status, unawareness and a lack of knowledge towards dietary diversity combined with strong beliefs related to social forces and cultures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dietary knowledge, infants’ diet, malnutrition, Nepalese mother, socio-economic status
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2020 12:04

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