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Development of strong surfaces using functionally graded composites inspired by natural teeth—finite element and experimental verification

Development of strong surfaces using functionally graded composites inspired by natural teeth—finite element and experimental verification

Zisis, Th., Kordolemis, A. and Giannakopoulos, A. E. (2009) Development of strong surfaces using functionally graded composites inspired by natural teeth—finite element and experimental verification. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology-Transactions of the ASME, 132 (1):011010. ISSN 0094-4289 (Print), 1528-8889 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3184038)

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Abstract

Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are composite materials that exhibit a microstructure that varies locally in order to achieve a specific type of local material properties distribution. In recent years, FGMs appear to be more interesting in engineering application since they present an enhanced performance against deformation, fracture, and fatigue. The purpose of the present work is to present evidence of the excellent strength properties of a new graded composite that is inspired by the human teeth. The outer surface of the teeth exhibits high surface strength while it is brittle and wear resistant, whereas the inner part is softer and flexible. The specific variation in Young’s modulus along the thickness of the presented composite is of particular interest in our case. The present work presents a finite element analysis and and experimental verification of an actual composite with elastic modulus that follows approximately the theoretical distribution observed in the teeth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: functionally graded composites, surface strength, finite element analysis, fea, experiments
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Engineering (ENN)
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2020 00:21
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27192

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