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Migration in Kenya: beyond Harris-Todaro

Migration in Kenya: beyond Harris-Todaro

Oyvat, Cem ORCID: 0000-0002-5097-0246 and wa Gĩthĩnji, Mwangi (2019) Migration in Kenya: beyond Harris-Todaro. Migration in Kenya: beyond Harris-Todaro, 34 (1). pp. 4-35. ISSN 0269-2171 (Print), 1465-3486 (Online) (doi:

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This paper examines the impact of agrarian structures on the migration behavior and destination of rural household heads and individuals in Kenya. To explore the complexity of migration we extend the standard Harris-Todaro framework to account for land inequality and size as well as type of destination. Using probit regressions, we show that Kenyan household heads born in districts with higher land inequality, smaller per capita land and lower per capita rural income are more likely to migrate. We show that for individuals whose incomes are squeezed by larger land inequality, migration from villages to smaller cities, and villages in different districts could be a preferable strategy to migrating to Greater Nairobi. The impact of land inequality is larger for male than female migration and insignificant for females’ rural-to-rural migration. Moreover, the level of education, age, marital status, gender, religion and distance to Nairobi play a role in migration behavior.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: migration, distribution, agrarian structures, Kenya, education
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA)
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA) > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 16:33

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