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Discrete lineages within Alternaria alternata species group: identification using new highly variable loci and support from morphological characters

Discrete lineages within Alternaria alternata species group: identification using new highly variable loci and support from morphological characters

Armitage, Andrew D. ORCID: 0000-0002-0610-763X, Barbara, Dez J., Harrison, Richard J., Lane, Charles R., Sreenivasaprasad, Surapareddy, Woodhall, James W. and Clarkson, John P. (2015) Discrete lineages within Alternaria alternata species group: identification using new highly variable loci and support from morphological characters. Fungal Biology, 119 (11). pp. 994-1006. ISSN 1878-6146 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2015.06.012)

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Abstract

The Alternaria alternata species group is ubiquitous in the environment acting as saprotrophs, human allergens, and plant pathogens. Many morphological species have been described within the group and it is unclear whether these represent re-descriptions of the same species or discrete evolutionary taxa. Sequencing of five loci identified three major lineages within the A. alternata species group. These loci included three new phylogenetic loci (TMA22, PGS1, and REV3) identified as highly variable based on publicly available genome sequence data for Dothideomycete species. Lineages were identified as A. alternata ssp. arborescens, A. alternata ssp. tenuissima, and A. alternata ssp. gaisen in accordance with the placement of reference isolates. The phylogenetic results were supported by morphological analysis, which differentiated strains in A. alternata ssp. arborescens and A. alternata ssp. tenuissima and also aligned with previous morphological species descriptions for A. arborescens and A. tenuissima. However, phylogenetic analysis placed the morphologically described species A. alternata and A. mali within the A. alternata ssp. tenuissima and did not support them as discrete taxa. As A. alternata are of phytosanitary importance, the molecular loci used in this study offer new opportunities for molecular identification of isolates by national plant protection organizations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alternaria mali, Dothideomycete, fungal barcoding, pathotype, section, species complex
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2020 15:44
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27111

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