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Adaptive transition management for transformations to agricultural sustainability in the Karnali mountains of Nepal

Adaptive transition management for transformations to agricultural sustainability in the Karnali mountains of Nepal

Pant, Laxmi Prasad, KC, Krishna Bahadur, Fraser, Evan D. G., Shrestha, Pratap Kumar, Lama, Anga Bahadur, Jirel, Santosh Kumar and Chaudhary, Pashupati (2014) Adaptive transition management for transformations to agricultural sustainability in the Karnali mountains of Nepal. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 38 (10). pp. 1156-1183. ISSN 2168-3565 (Print), 2168-3573 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2014.942022)

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Abstract

Current agroecological approaches to farming have provided a limited understanding of transformations to sustainability, particularly in subsistence agrarian economies of geographically isolated regions of the world. Some suggest mitigating social and ecological impacts of modern industrial farming while others advocate for local adaptation to changes in socioecological systems, such as climate change, extreme weather events, and biodiversity loss. This article investigates effective pathways of fundamental transformations in technologies, livelihoods, and lifestyles referred to as “agricultural sustainability transitions” in the Karnali Mountains, the most impoverished region of Nepal. Findings suggest that neither management of change referred to as transition management nor adaptation to change referred to as adaptive management effectively leads to agricultural sustainability transitions in this region of the country. An integration of these two approaches, which this article theorizes as “adaptive transition management,” can help charter transition pathways through system innovation making new and improved technologies more accessible and adaptable to smallholders while developing local capacity to adapt to changes in agroecological systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture, agricultural biodiversity, socioecotechnical systems, adaptive transition management, food security, Nepal
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 15:59
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/26583

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