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Paradox of mainstreaming agroecology for regional and rural food security in developing countries

Paradox of mainstreaming agroecology for regional and rural food security in developing countries

Pant, Laxmi Prasad (2016) Paradox of mainstreaming agroecology for regional and rural food security in developing countries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 111. pp. 305-316. ISSN 0040-1625 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.03.001)

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Abstract

Paradox of mainstreaming agroecology refers to an apparent contradiction between upscaling niche innovations to produce more food in sustainable ways, and the concerns for a loss of core values and principles of agroecology in the mainstreaming process. This paper examines this paradox of mainstreaming and sidestreaming (continuity of niche practises) using longitudinal case studies of agroecological innovations in soil and water conservation, crop improvement, crop intensification, and market differentiation in the regional and rural contexts of developing countries. Findings suggest that there are latent and salient paradoxes of mainstreaming niche innovations, respectively explaining cooperative and competitive interactions with the incumbent regime of industrial food and agriculture. While the former paradox involves continuity of niche practises as well as regime conditions through incremental adaptations, the latter comprises regime shifts through transformational adaptations. However, as these two paradoxes are in flux a latent paradox can become salient when competitive elements of seemingly cooperative niche-regime interactions unravel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: transformations, adaptive transition cycle, regime shifts, agroecology, innovation, food security
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 10:20
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/26578

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