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Leishmania aethiopica cell-to-cell spreading involves caspase-3, AkT and NF-jB but not PKC-d activation and involves uptake of LAMP-1 positive bodies containing 1 parasites

Leishmania aethiopica cell-to-cell spreading involves caspase-3, AkT and NF-jB but not PKC-d activation and involves uptake of LAMP-1 positive bodies containing 1 parasites

Ranatunga, Medhavi, Rai, Rajeev, Richardson, Simon C. W., Dyer, Paul, Harbige, Laurence, Deacon, Andrew, Pecorino, Lauren and Getti, Giulia T. M. ORCID: 0000-0003-1402-8496 (2019) Leishmania aethiopica cell-to-cell spreading involves caspase-3, AkT and NF-jB but not PKC-d activation and involves uptake of LAMP-1 positive bodies containing 1 parasites. The FEBS Journal (Federation of European Biochemical Societies). ISSN 1742-464X (Print), 1742-4658 (Online) (In Press) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.15166)

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Abstract

Development of human leishmaniasis is dependent on the ability of intracellular Leishmania parasites to spread and enter macrophages. The mechanism through which free promastigotes and amastigotes, bind and enter host macrophages has been previously investigated, however little is known about intracellular trafficking and cell-to-cell spreading. In this study, the mechanism involved in the spreading of L. aethiopica and L. mexicana was investigated. A significant increase in PS exhibition, cytochrome C release and active caspase 3 expression was detected (P<0.05) during L. aethiopica, but not L. mexicana spreading. A decrease (p<0.05) of Akt protein and BAD phosphorylation was also observed. The NF-kB signaling pathway and pro-apoptotic protein PKC-δ were downregulated while inhibition of caspase-3 activation prevented L aethiopica spreading. Overall suggesting that L. aethiopica induces host cell’s apoptosis during spreading in a caspase-3-dependent manner. The trafficking of amastigotes within macrophages following cell to cell spreading differed from that of axenic parasites and involved co-localization with Lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP-1) within 10 minutes post-infection. Interestingly, following infection with axenic amastigotes and promastigotes, co-localization of parasites with LAMP-1 positive structures took place at 1 and 4 h respectively, suggesting that the membrane coat and LAMP-1 protein was derived from the donor cell. Collectively, these findings indicate that host cell apoptosis, demonstrated by PS exhibition, caspase 3 activation, cytochrome C release, downregulation of Akt, BAD phosphorylation, NF-kB activation; and independent of PKC-δ expression, is involved in L. aethiopica spreading. Moreover, L. aethiopica parasites associate with LAMP-rich structures when taken up by neighbouring macrophages.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apoptosis, axenic amastigotes, L. aethiopica, L. mexicana, infection spreading, GFP, THP-1, trafficking, EEA1 (Early Endosome Antigen 1), LAMP-1 (lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 16:41
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/26379

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