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Impact of Bi2O3 and ZrO2 radiopacifiers on the early hydration and C-S-H gel structure of white portland cement

Impact of Bi2O3 and ZrO2 radiopacifiers on the early hydration and C-S-H gel structure of white portland cement

Li, Qiu and Coleman, Nichola (2019) Impact of Bi2O3 and ZrO2 radiopacifiers on the early hydration and C-S-H gel structure of white portland cement. Journal of Functional Biomaterials, 10 (4):46. ISSN 2079-4983 (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb10040046)

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Abstract

Bismuth oxide (monoclinic α-Bi2O3) and zirconium oxide (monoclinic ZrO2) are the most popular radiopacifiers in commercial Portland cement-based endodontic restoratives, yet their effects on the setting and hydration reactions are not fully understood. This study compares the impact of 20 wt% of Bi2O3 or ZrO2 on the early hydration reactions and C-S-H gel structure of white Portland cement (WPC). Cement paste samples were hydrated at 37.5 °C prior to analysis by 29Si and 27Al magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 3 and 24 h, and transmission electron microscopy at 3 h. Initial and final setting times were determined using a Vicat apparatus and reaction kinetics were monitored by isothermal conduction calorimetry. Bi2O3 was found to prolong initial and final setting times and retard the degree of hydration by 32% at 24 h. Heat evolution during the acceleration and deceleration phases of the hydration process was reduced and the exotherm arising from renewed ettringite formation was delayed and diminished in the presence of Bi2O3. Conversely, ZrO2 had no significant impact on either setting time; although, it accelerated hydration by 23% within 24 h. Increases in the mean silicate chain length and the extent of aluminium substitution in the C-S-H gel were observed in the presence of both radiopacifying agents after 24 h relative to those of the unblended WPC. The Bi2O3 and ZrO2 particles remained intact within the cement matrix and neither bismuth nor zirconium was chemically incorporated in the hydration products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: calcium silicate cement, endodontic bioceramic, Bi2O3, ZrO2, cement hydration, C-S-H gel, magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, calorimetry, filler effect
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 13:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25834

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