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Ultra-stiff large-area carpets of carbon nanotubes

Ultra-stiff large-area carpets of carbon nanotubes

Meysami, Seyyed Shayan, Dallas, Panagiotis, Britton, Jude, Lozano, Juan G., Murdock, Adrian T., Ferraro, Claudio, Gutierrez, Eduardo Saiz, Rijnveld, Niek, Holdway, Philip, Porfyrakis, Kyriakos ORCID: 0000-0003-1364-0261 and Grobert, Nicole (2016) Ultra-stiff large-area carpets of carbon nanotubes. Nanoscale, 8 (23). pp. 11993-12001. ISSN 2040-3364 (Print), 2040-3372 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1039/C6NR01660J)

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Abstract

Herewith, we report the influence of post-synthesis heat treatment (≤2350 °C and plasma temperatures) on the crystal structure, defect density, purity, alignment and dispersibility of free-standing large-area (several cm2) carpets of ultra-long (several mm) vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (VA-MWCNTs). VA-MWCNTs were produced in large quantities (20–30 g per batch) using a semi-scaledup aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) setup. Electron and X-ray diffraction showed that the heat treatment at 2350 °C under inert atmosphere purifies, removes residual catalyst particles, and partially aligns adjacent single crystals (crystallites) in polycrystalline MWCNTs. The purification and improvement in the crystallites alignment within the MWCNTs resulted in reduced dispersibility of the VA-MWCNTs in liquid media. High-resolution microscopy revealed that the crystallinity is improved in scales of few tens of nanometres while the point defects remain largely unaffected. The heat treatment also had a marked benefit on the mechanical properties of the carpets. For the first time, we report compression moduli as high as 120 MPa for VA-MWCNT carpets, i.e. an order of magnitude higher than previously reported figures. The application of higher temperatures (arc-discharge plasma, ≥4000 °C) resulted in the formation of a novel graphite–matrix composite reinforced with CVD and arc-dischargelike carbon nanotubes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon nanotubes, carpets, large area
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Engineering (ENN)
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 11:07
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25776

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