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Explicit instructions and consolidation promote rewiring of automatic behaviors in the human mind

Explicit instructions and consolidation promote rewiring of automatic behaviors in the human mind

Szegedi-Hallgató, Emese, Janacsek, Karolina, Vekony, Teodora, Tasi, Lia Andrea, Kerepes, Leila, Hompoth, Emoke Adrienn, Balint, Anna and Nemeth, Dezso (2017) Explicit instructions and consolidation promote rewiring of automatic behaviors in the human mind. Scientific Reports, 7 (1):4365. ISSN 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04500-3)

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Abstract

One major challenge in human behavior and brain sciences is to understand how we can rewire already existing perceptual, motor, cognitive, and social skills or habits. Here we aimed to characterize one aspect of rewiring, namely, how we can update our knowledge of sequential/statistical regularities when they change. The dynamics of rewiring was explored from learning to consolidation using a unique experimental design which is suitable to capture the effect of implicit and explicit processing and the proactive and retroactive interference. Our results indicate that humans can rewire their knowledge of such regularities incidentally, and consolidation has a critical role in this process. Moreover, old and new knowledge can coexist, leading to effective adaptivity of the human mind in the changing environment, although the execution of the recently acquired knowledge may be more fluent than the execution of the previously learned one. These findings can contribute to a better understanding of the cognitive processes underlying behavior change, and can provide insights into how we can boost behavior change in various contexts, such as sports, educational settings or psychotherapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: habit change, behaviour change, sequence learning, explicit vs. implicit, consolidation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2020 12:07
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25728

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