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The production of nominal and verbal inflection in an agglutinative language: evidence from Hungarian

The production of nominal and verbal inflection in an agglutinative language: evidence from Hungarian

Nemeth, Dezso, Janacsek, Karolina, Turi, Zsolt, Lukacs, Agnes, Peckham, Don, Szanka, Szilvia, Gazso, Dorottya, Lovassy, Noemi and Ullman, Michael T (2015) The production of nominal and verbal inflection in an agglutinative language: evidence from Hungarian. PLoS ONE, 10 (3):e0119003. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119003)

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Abstract

The contrast between regular and irregular inflectional morphology has been useful in investigating the functional and neural architecture of language. However, most studies have examined the regular/irregular distinction in non-agglutinative Indo-European languages (primarily English) with relatively simple morphology. Additionally, the majority of research has focused on verbal rather than nominal inflectional morphology. The present study attempts to address these gaps by introducing both plural and past tense production tasks in Hungarian, an agglutinative non-Indo-European language with complex morphology. Here we report results on these tasks from healthy Hungarian native-speaking adults, in whom we examine regular and irregular nominal and verbal inflection in a within-subjects design. Regular and irregular nouns and verbs were stem on frequency, word length and phonological structure, and both accuracy and response times were acquired. The results revealed that the regular/irregular contrast yields similar patterns in Hungarian, for both nominal and verbal inflection, as in previous studies of non-agglutinative Indo-European languages: the production of irregular inflected forms was both less accurate and slower than of regular forms, both for plural and past-tense inflection. The results replicate and extend previous findings to an agglutinative language with complex morphology. Together with previous studies, the evidence suggests that the regular/irregular distinction yields a basic behavioral pattern that holds across language families and linguistic typologies. Finally, the study sets the stage for further research examining the neurocognitive substrates of regular and irregular morphology in an agglutinative non-Indo-European language.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: inflectional morphology, verbal, nominal, regular, irregular, past tense, plural, production, agglutinative language, Hungarian, accuracy, reaction time
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 15:28
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25712

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