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Evaluation of CO2 emission from rice husk biochar and cowdung manure co-compost preparation

Evaluation of CO2 emission from rice husk biochar and cowdung manure co-compost preparation

Thomas, E.Y., Adiku, S.G.K., Atkinson, C.J., Omueh, J.A.I. and Marcarthy, D.S. (2019) Evaluation of CO2 emission from rice husk biochar and cowdung manure co-compost preparation. Journal of Agricultural Science, 11 (17). pp. 158-166. ISSN 1916-9752 (Print), 1916-9760 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v11n17p158)

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Abstract

Composting of animal manure had been considered a sustainable alternative method for recycling organic waste. However the process involved had been associated with greenhouse gas emission (CO2, N2O and CH4) which play an active role in global warming. This study evaluated CO2 emissions from biochar-manure co-compost production. Biochar (from rice husk) and manure were mixed in a ratio of 3:1 v/v to achieve a range of different co-compost mixtures. The treatments and controls in triplicates of 18 units were arranged in a complete randomize design. All treatments were incubated at around 28 oC and turned every two days for 2 weeks, and later five days for 39 days. CO2 production in the compost bins was measured by trapping the evolved gas in 5M NaOH. Total CO2 emissions varied over time with higher rates at the beginning of the composting process. Within the first 7 days, total CO2 emissions (587 mg/m2) from cow dung alone was not significantly different from cow dung plus biochar (506 mg/m2). At the latter stages of the composting process, CO2 emission from cowdung and biochar mixture was less than from the other treatments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: rice husk biochar, CO2 emission, cow dung, composting and NaOH
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 09:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25666

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