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An experimental and computational IR and hybrid DFT-D3 study of the conformations of L-lactic and acrylic acid: new insight to the dehydration mechanism of lactic acid to acrylic acid

An experimental and computational IR and hybrid DFT-D3 study of the conformations of L-lactic and acrylic acid: new insight to the dehydration mechanism of lactic acid to acrylic acid

Zeinalipour-Yazdi, Constantinos D. ORCID: 0000-0002-8388-1549 and Catlow, C. Richard A. (2019) An experimental and computational IR and hybrid DFT-D3 study of the conformations of L-lactic and acrylic acid: new insight to the dehydration mechanism of lactic acid to acrylic acid. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 21 (40). pp. 22331-22343. ISSN 1463-9076 (Print), 1463-9084 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1039/C9CP02968K)

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Abstract

We have studied with hybrid Density Functional Theory (DFT) with an aug-cc-pVTZ basis set and D3 dispersion corrections the intra-molecular hydrogen bond of L-lactic acid and L-lactic-acid analogs with the hydroxyl group on the alpha carbon atom substituted by α -XH (where X = S, Se, Te) as well as the conformations of acrylic acid. The results show there are three types of intramolecular hydrogen bonds that can form only when α-OH is present, whereas other less electronegative functional groups such as -SH, -SeH and -TeH do not exhibit the formation of an intramolecular H-bond. We show that the intra-molecular H-bond formed between the alpha-OH hydrogen and the COOH carbonyl oxygen would enhance the rate of the nucleophilic subsitution of alpha-OH to the K+ sites for the previously suggested dehydration mechanism of L-lactic to acrylic acids. We find that a temperature range between 190-210 °C would be optimum to maximise the rate of the nuleophilic substitution of the alpha-OH group onto the potassium sites during the dehydration mechanism of L-lactic acid to acrylic acid. Additionally, our hybrid-DFT simulation of the infrared spectrum of the various conformers shows that the lowest energy conformer can be identified by a single vibrational band at 3734 cm-1 whereas the other conformers this vibrational band is split with Δν that ranges between 6 cm-1 - 176 cm-1. We also find that the various conformers of acrylic acid can be identified by a double peak for the C=O and O-H vibrations which have Δν' of Δν'' 24 and 42 cm-1, respectively. This computational study is useful for spectroscopic experimental efforts that try to identify the various conformers of L-lactic acid and acrylic acid and to gain mechanistic insight into the dehydration mechanism over K substituted NaY Zeolites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lactic acid, acrylic acid, conformations, IR spectroscopy, DFT, lactic acid dehydration mechanism
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 17:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25195

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