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Formation, representation, and activation of contextualized attitudes

Formation, representation, and activation of contextualized attitudes

Gawronski, Bertram, Ye, Yang ORCID: 0000-0001-7142-3869, Rydell, Robert J. and De Houwer, Jan (2014) Formation, representation, and activation of contextualized attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 54. pp. 188-203. ISSN 0022-1031 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2014.05.010)

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Abstract

The pervasiveness of context effects on evaluative responses has led to conflicting views as to whether evaluations reflect stable attitudinal representations that are directly retrieved from memory or online constructions on the basis of momentarily accessible attributes. The current research expands on this debate by investigating the formation, representation, and activation of contextualized attitudes, with a particular focus on the role of incidental visual cues of the environmental context. Five experiments demonstrated that (1) incidental visual cues tend to be integrated into the representation of attitude-incongruent, but not attitude-congruent, information; (2) these cues are not directly associated with the valence of counterattitudinal experiences, but instead constrain the activation of available information about the attitude object; (3) the modulating function of these cues remains intact even when they become directly associated with an evaluative response; (4) contextualized representations of counterattitudinal information can be activated by contexts that are either perceptually or conceptually similar to the context in which the counterattitudinal experience took place. Implications for context effects and attitude change are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitude change, attitude construction, context effects, occasion setting, renewal effects, situated cognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 12:43
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25118

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