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Optimization of ultrasonic cavitation processing in the liquid melt flow

Optimization of ultrasonic cavitation processing in the liquid melt flow

Subroto, T., Eskin, D. G., Tzanakis, I., Lebon, G. S. B., Miranda, A. and Pericleous, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999 (2019) Optimization of ultrasonic cavitation processing in the liquid melt flow. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Materials Science and Engineering, 529 (012050). IOPscience, pp. 1-7. ISSN 1757-899X (Print), 1757-8981 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/529/1/012050)

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Abstract

Ultrasonic processing (USP) during direct-chill (DC) casting of light metal alloys is typically applied in the sump of a billet. This approach, though successful for structure refinement and modification, has two main drawbacks: (a) mixture of mechanisms that rely heavily on dendrite fragmentation and (b) a limited volume that can be processed by a single ultrasonic source. We suggest moving the location of USP from the sump to the launder and applying it to the melt flow for continuous treatment. The apparent benefits include: (a) degassing of the melt volume, (b) grain refinement through activation of non-metallic inclusions, fragmentation of primary crystals, and deagglomeration of grain refining substrates, and (c) a possibility to use a single ultrasonic source for processing large melt volumes. To optimize this process with regard to the acoustic intensity and melt residence time in the active cavitation zone, flow modification with baffles as well as informed location of the ultrasonic source are required. In this paper, we demonstrate the results of experimental trials where the degassing degree and grain refinement have been the indicators of the USP efficiency for two aluminium alloys, i.e. LM25 and AA7050. The results are supported by acoustic measurements and computer simulations.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Additional Information: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Uncontrolled Keywords: ultrasonic cavitation, liquid metal processing
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Computational Science & Engineering Group (CSEG)
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2019 16:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/24551

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