Skip navigation

Antioxidant potential of the farmer preferred selections of Solanum aethiopicum vegetable consumed in central Uganda

Antioxidant potential of the farmer preferred selections of Solanum aethiopicum vegetable consumed in central Uganda

Sekulya, S., Masawi, A., Namutebi, A., Ssozi, J., Masanza, M., Kabod, B., Jagwe, J.N., Kasharu, A., Rees, D. ORCID: 0000-0003-3541-0424 and Kizito, E.B. (2018) Antioxidant potential of the farmer preferred selections of Solanum aethiopicum vegetable consumed in central Uganda. European Journal of Biological Research, 8. pp. 26-33. ISSN 2449-8955 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1195552)

[img]
Preview
PDF
24469_REES_Sekulya et al 2018b.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (137kB) | Preview

Abstract

In addition to the rich micronutrient value, indigenous vegetables are regarded as possessing medicinal attributes. The Solanaceae family has over 1000 species worldwide, with a number of indigenous species originating in Africa. The most popular leafy vegetable in Uganda is the Solanum aethiopicum (Nakati). The objective of this study was to determine the selected phytochemical attributes, chlorophyll content, moisture content and total antioxidant activity of the farmer preferred selections within the landraces of Solanum aethiopicum leafy vegetable in Uganda. The antioxidant activity was achieved by screening the leaf extracts for their free radical scavenging properties using diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and ascorbic acid as standard. The ability of the extracts to scavenge DPPH radical was determined spectrophometrically at 517nm.The study showed that all the landraces had a high polyphenol and flavonoid content with SAS185/P/2015 containing the highest flavonoid content (3.16±0.06 mg QE/g fw). SAS1641/2015 showed the highest total polyphenol content of 7.79±0.27 mg GAE/g fw and also showed the highest vitamin C content. This contributed to the high total antioxidant activity of 2.79±0.01 and 5.43±0.02 mg AAE/g fw when using FRAP and DPPH methods respectively. SAS145/2015 presented the highest chlorophyll content of 19.69±0.01 mg/g dwb. All the landraces showed a high percentage moisture content that ranged from 82.66±0.35 to 84.21±0.48%. These results are of nutraceutical significance and hence confirm their usage as medicinal vegetables.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Landraces, Polyphenols, Flavonoids, Vitamin C, Total antioxidant activity, Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), Diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QH Natural history
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Plant Health Research Group
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 12:07
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 4
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/24469

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics