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Impulsive and self-regulatory processes in risky driving among young people: A dual process model

Impulsive and self-regulatory processes in risky driving among young people: A dual process model

Lazuras, Lambros, Rowe, Richard, Poulter, Damian ORCID: 0000-0003-2521-5959, Powell, Philip and Ypsilanti, Antonia (2019) Impulsive and self-regulatory processes in risky driving among young people: A dual process model. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:1170. ISSN 1664-1078 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01170)

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Abstract

The present study empirically examined a novel dual process model of self-reported aberrant driving behaviour in young and novice drivers that incorporates both impulsive and self-regulatory processes. Four hundred and nine participants aged 18-25 years (M age = 21.18 years, SD = 2.12; 65.5% females) completed online questionnaires on impulsivity, normlessness, sensation seeking, emotion and self-regulation, and attitudes towards driving safety. Path analysis showed that motor impulsivity was associated with self-reported driving violations, errors, and lapses, whereas sensation seeking was uniquely directly associated with self-reported errors. Non-planning impulsivity, normlessness and sensation seeking had significant indirect effects on self-reported errors, via self-regulation. Finally, motor impulsivity and normlessness had a significant indirect effect on self-reported violations, errors and lapses, via attitudes to driving safety. Based on our findings we suggest that a dual-process approach is relevant to the study of aberrant driving behaviour in young and novice drivers, and the results of the present study have important implications for initiatives to promote driving safety in this population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 Lazuras, Rowe, Poulter, Powell and Ypsilanti. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Uncontrolled Keywords: risky driving; young drivers; impulsivity; attitudes; self-regulation; driving violations; driving errors
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2019 00:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 1
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/24336

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