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Potential of calorimetry to study osmotic dehydration of food materials

Potential of calorimetry to study osmotic dehydration of food materials

Tortoe, Charles, Orchard, John, Beezer, Anthony and O'Neil, M. (2007) Potential of calorimetry to study osmotic dehydration of food materials. Journal of Food Engineering, 78 (3). pp. 933-940. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.12.006)

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Abstract

A new method, thermocalorimetry, was developed to study osmotic dehydration. The kinetic data from the method was comparable to more traditional methods in the determination of rate constants for water loss. Thermocalorimetry measurements indicated a 2–3 kinetic phases, a relatively rapid process followed by a relatively slow process. The first phase is possibly due to water removal from
the cut surfaces and damaged cells and the initiation of water transfer from cells near the surface of the tissue. The second phase of heat output which is less rapid occurred in the next hour possibly associated with the loss of water due to the movement of free water from the
intercellular spaces of samples to the external sucrose solution. The third kinetic phase, a relatively slow process is possibly due to loss of water from the extracellular volume of the cells and intracellular volume of the cells across the cell membrane in the sample to the external sucrose solution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: thermocalorimetry, osmotic dehydration, kinetic, activation energy
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2011 12:06
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2407

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