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Bambara nut: A review of utilisation, market potential and crop improvement

Bambara nut: A review of utilisation, market potential and crop improvement

Hillocks, R. J., Bennett, C. and Mponda, O. N. (2012) Bambara nut: A review of utilisation, market potential and crop improvement. African Crop Science Journal, 20 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1021-9730 (Print), 2072-6589 (Online)

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Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) originated in West Africa but has become widely distributed throughout the semi-arid zone of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Sharing a high nutritive value with other widely consumed legumes, bambara has an appealing flavour which is reflected in demand from small local and niche markets. Despite its high and balanced protein content, bambara remains under-utilised because it takes a long time to cook, contains anti-nutritional factors and does not dehull easily. Bambara yields well under conditions which are too arid for groundnut (Arachis hypogea), maize (Zea mays L.) and even sorghum (Sorghum bicolar). Its drought tolerance makes bambara a useful legume to include in climate change adaptation strategies. Existing bambara products are not well promoted in the local or international markets and new products are needed that highlight its inherent nutritional and culinary advantages. A number of projects on bambara, involving several countries in SSA since the 1980s, have failed to stimulate a sustainable increase in the production of the crop. The absence of functioning value chains has been a factor in this failure, as accessible market outlets might provide the required incentive for smallholder households to obtain improved seed and invest more of their land and labour in the crop. There is little documented evidence of trade in bambara but circumstantial evidence indicates considerable international demand. More attention should be given, therefore, to market research and development, with crop improvement programmes being more market-led, if bambara is to make a greater contribution to household income and rural development in SSA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The African Crop Science Journal exercises the Open Access article policy whereby the papers can be accessed under the terms of the Creative Commons 3.0 Uganda (CC BY 3.0 UG) Attribution License. By this license, use, distribution, and reproduction (except for commercial purposes) is unrestricted, provided attribution of the original work is properly executed.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-nutritional factors, Vigna subterranea
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Development Studies Research Group
Last Modified: 04 May 2019 22:53

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