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Financing of SME's: an asset side story

Financing of SME's: an asset side story

Bartholdy, Jan and Mateus, Cesario (2008) Financing of SME's: an asset side story. In: 5th Conference of the Portuguese Finance Network, 10-12 July 2008, Coimbra, Portugal.

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The main sources of financing for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are equity (internally generated cash), trade credit paid on time, long and short term bank credits, delayed payment on trade credit and other debt. The marginal costs of each financing instrument are driven by asymmetric information (cost of gathering and analysing information) and transactions costs associated with non-payment (costs of collecting and selling collateral). According to the Pecking Order Theory, firms will choose the cheapest source in terms of cost. In the case of the static trade-off theory, firms choose finance so that the marginal costs across financing sources are all equal, thus an additional Euro of financing is obtained from all the sources whereas under the Pecking Order Theory the source is determined by how far down the Pecking Order the firm is presently located. In this paper, we argue that both of these theories miss the point that the marginal costs are dependent of the use of the funds, and the asset side of the balance sheet primarily determines the financing source for an additional Euro. An empirical analysis on a unique dataset of Portuguese SME's confirms that the composition of the asset side of the balance sheet has an impact of the type of financing used and the Pecking Order Theory and the traditional Static Trade-off theory are rejected.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Additional Information: Paper presented at 5th Conference of the Portuguese Finance Network. 10-12 Jul 2008. Coimbra, Portugal. Conference Proceedings available online and on CD.
Uncontrolled Keywords: capital structure, pecking order theory,
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of Accounting & Finance
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Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 13:29

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