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3D printed chitosan dressing crosslinked with genipin for potential healing of chronic wounds

3D printed chitosan dressing crosslinked with genipin for potential healing of chronic wounds

Boateng, Joshua ORCID: 0000-0002-6310-729X, Hafezi, Forough, Scoutaris, Nikolaos and Douroumis, Dennis ORCID: 0000-0002-3782-0091 (2019) 3D printed chitosan dressing crosslinked with genipin for potential healing of chronic wounds. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 560. pp. 406-415. ISSN 0378-5173 (Print), 1873-3476 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.02.020)

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Abstract

Recently, various additive manufacturing (3D printing) approaches have been employed to fabricate dressings such as film scaffolds that possess well defined architecture and orientation at the micro level. In this study, crosslinked chitosan (CH) based film matrices were prepared using 3D printing with genipin (GE) as a crosslinker, with glycerol (GLY) and poly ethylene glycol (PEG) as plasticizer. The 3D printed films were functionally characterized using (tensile, fluid handling, mucoadhesion, drug dissolution, morphological properties and cell viability as well physico-chemical characterization using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. CH-GE-PEG600 3D printed films having the ratio of 1:1 polymer: plasticizer was selected due to their appropriate flexibility. Fourier transform infrared results showed intermolecular interaction between CH, GE and PEG which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction showing amorphous matrix structure. In vitro mucoadhesion studies of CH-GE-PEG600 films showed the capability of the 3D printed film to adhere to the epithelial surface. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the surface of the plasticised films were smooth indicating content uniformity of CH, GE and PEG whilst micro cracks in unplasticised films confirmed their brittle nature. Plasticised films also showed high swelling capacity which enhanced water absorption. Cytotoxicity (MTT) assay using human skin fibroblast cell lines demonstrated that more than 90% of cells were viable after 48 h confirming non-toxic nature of the 3D printed CH-GE-PEG600 films and therefore promising dressing for chronic wound healing applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D printing; Chitosan; Film scaffolds; Genipin; Plasticiser; Tensile testing; Wound healing
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 19 May 2019 09:17
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/23272

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