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The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia

The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia

Ojo, Omorogieva ORCID: 0000-0003-0071-3652, Brooke, Joanne and Cronin, Camille (2019) The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia. The Journal of Nursing Research, 28 (2):e81. ISSN 1682-3141 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0000000000000343)

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Abstract

Background:
People diagnosed with dementia need culturally sensitive person-centred care in order to promote their health and wellbeing. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be able to provide culturally competent care, of which an element is understanding their own cultural heritage and how this impacts on their beliefs regarding dementia. This is essential as cultural norms and values provide meanings and understanding of chronic conditions such as dementia. The current study explored student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia through the completion of focus groups, which generated a large amount of data. The analysis of this large qualitative data set required structure and a framework.

Purpose:
One purpose of the current paper was to present the methodological analysis of the study and this encompasses the analytical framework. The second purpose was to apply the framework in understanding the cultural beliefs of dementia among student nurses from an international perspective. Methods: Focus groups with student nurses from five Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in England, Philippines, Slovenia and New Zealand were completed, audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. The qualitative data was analysed using the framework method of analysis. Data from the focus groups conducted at two HEIs in England were analysed, which encompassed synthesising, refining and agreeing on the codes, categories/themes established separately by four researchers. The analytical framework developed was then tested on the qualitative data obtained from focus group conducted in Slovenia, the Philippines and New Zealand.

Results:
The results are presented in three parts; the cultural analytical framework, the process of developing the initial categories/themes and the final themes that emerged from the data obtained from the focus groups. Conclusion: An analytical framework was developed and applied to student nurses in order to understand their cultural values and beliefs of dementia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: student nurses, dementia, cultural beliefs, qualitative research, analytical framework development
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Adult Nursing & Paramedic Science
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2020 10:37
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/23009

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