Skip navigation

The challenges and knowledge gaps in malaria therapy: A stakeholder approach to improving oral quinine use in the treatment of childhood malaria in Ghana

The challenges and knowledge gaps in malaria therapy: A stakeholder approach to improving oral quinine use in the treatment of childhood malaria in Ghana

Yir-Erong, Bartholomew, Tunkumgnen Bayor, Marcel, Ayensu, Isaac, Yao Gbedema, Stephen and Boateng, Joshua ORCID: 0000-0002-6310-729X (2018) The challenges and knowledge gaps in malaria therapy: A stakeholder approach to improving oral quinine use in the treatment of childhood malaria in Ghana. Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2018:1784645. ISSN 2090-7818 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1784645)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
22788 BOATENG_The_Challenges_and_Knowledge_Gaps_in_Malaria_Therapy_(OA)_2018.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background:
The study was undertaken to elicit the knowledge, views, and perceptions of key stakeholders on malaria, its bioburden, and treatment options, in order to ascertain the knowledge gabs and challenges, especially in the use of oral quinine in childhood malaria.

Methods:
A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a well-structured Likert Scale and self-administered questionnaire. The principal site of the study was a government-run children’s hospital located in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro of Accra. The study population included health workers, parents, and guardians or care givers. The participants were 300, purposively selected, and consisted of both men (41%) and women (59%) who were twenty years and above, whether employed (42%), self-employed (37%), or unemployed (21%).

Results:
Majority of the participants (78%) demonstrated above average knowledge of malaria. However, their awareness of the causes, modes of transmission, signs, and symptoms as well as preventive mechanisms of malaria did not result in low incidence of malaria. About 77% of the respondents agreed they would seek treatment within 24 hours once signs and symptoms are detected. Though close to 50% undertook home treatment of malaria, majority eventually sought treatment at hospital or clinic. Above 92% of respondents knew that quinine is used to treat malaria and agreed its bitter taste greatly affects compliance, especially in children. Consequently, 95% of the respondents would be glad if its bitter taste is masked.

Conclusion:
The study demonstrated the availability of substantial knowledge of the devastating effects of malaria, especially in children. Therefore, there is the need to ensure the availability and utilization of effective paediatric formulations in the fight against malaria. From this study, fast dissolving oral thin film with a good mouth feel, would be the formulation of choice for quinine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2018 Bartholomew Yir-Erong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaria, quinine, paediatric patients, oral thin film
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 16:16
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22788

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics