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Harmony rules in Chinese backpacker groups

Harmony rules in Chinese backpacker groups

Cai, Wenjie ORCID: 0000-0002-1505-7240, Cohen, Scott A. and Tribe, John (2019) Harmony rules in Chinese backpacker groups. Annals of Tourism Research, 75. pp. 120-130. ISSN 0160-7383 (doi:

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Despite recognition that Chinese backpackers travel in small self-organised groups, studies have yet to examine how group dynamics affect the travel experience. Multi-sited ethnography and netnography were deployed to follow Chinese backpackers in Europe to explore their group dynamics. The findings reveal that Chinese backpackers sustain hierarchical group relations by applying cultural attributes of 'respect for authority' and 'keqi'. A conflict-free status is achieved by following the codes of 'guanxi' and 'conformity'. Harmony is practiced to either develop harmonious relationships or resolve potential discord. This study contributes to the literature on harmony by synthesising relevant cultural attributes to understand their applications in group dynamic. It furthermore contributes to the literature on backpacker tourism and self-organised travel group dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: harmony; group dynamics; Chinese outbound backpackers; discord; mobile ethnography; travel experience
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Marketing, Events & Tourism
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2021 01:38

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