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High protein diet promotes body weight loss among Brazilian postpartum women

High protein diet promotes body weight loss among Brazilian postpartum women

de Castro, Maria Beatriz Trindade, Barbosa Cunha, Diana, Araujo, Marina Campos, Bezerra, Ilana Nogueira, Adegboye, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350, Kac, Gilberto and Sichieri, Rosely (2018) High protein diet promotes body weight loss among Brazilian postpartum women. Maternal & Child Nutrition:e12746. ISSN 1740-8695 (Print), 1740-8709 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12746)

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Abstract

There is evidence in the general population that adhering to a high protein and low carbohydrate diet may help in losing weight. However, there is little evidence among postpartum women. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a high protein diet on weight loss among postpartum women. A parallel-randomized controlled trial with ninety-four postpartum women was conducted in a maternity ward in Mesquita county (recruitment from February 2009 to December 2010) and in a polyclinic in Rio de Janeiro city (recruitment from December 2010 to December 2011). Women were randomized to the intervention group (IG) or control group (CG), and both groups received an isocaloric diet (1,800 kcal). Additionally, the IG received approximately 25 g of protein obtained from 125 g per week of sardine to increase daily dietary protein content and was advised to restrict carbohydrate intake. The CG received nutritional counselling to follow the national nutrition guidelines (15% protein, 60% carbohydrates and 25% lipids). A linear mixed-effects model was used to test the effect of high protein intake and macronutrient intake on weight loss during the postpartum period. Body weight decreased in the IG compared to the CG (ß=-0.325; p=0.049) among overweight and obese postpartum women. The percentage of energy intake from lipid (ß=-0.023; p=0.050) was negatively associated with body weight, and carbohydrate intake (ß=0.020; p=0.026) was positively associated with body weight over time among all women. Protein intake and lower carbohydrate intake may be used as a dietary strategy to improve body weight loss during the postpartum period.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: randomized controlled trial, maternal postpartum weight loss, macronutrients, protein intake, maternal obesity, low-income countries.
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education & Health > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 13:50
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22122

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