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Physico-chemical properties of polypropylene glycols

Physico-chemical properties of polypropylene glycols

Gupta, Saloni (2015) Physico-chemical properties of polypropylene glycols. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

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Abstract

Poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) samples of different molecular mass were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry, modulated differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry and thermally stimulated current (TSC) spectroscopy. It was shown, by TSC, that the glass transition temperature and the degree of molecular mobility increased with increasing molecular mass of PPG. Additional experiments showed that PPGs of molecular mass 425, 1000 and 2000 Da undergo one global relaxation process; however, PPG 2700 (Da) undergoes an additional relaxation process after the glass transition which has been attributed either to the release of the excess charge delocalised in the polymer structure or a liquid-liquid transition.

Thermally induced phase separation in aqueous solutions of PPG has been examined using a variety of techniques including high sensitivity scanning calorimetry (HSDSC), hot stage microscopy, small angle neutron scattering, and turbidity measurements. The data suggest that phase separation is a consequence of PPG aggregation (droplets); the aggregates grow in size, as the temperature is raised further. It is postulated that phase separation occurs via nucleation and growth, which is corroborated by model fitting the calorimetric data using a mass action aggregation model. It is concluded that phase separation of PPG occurs as a result of the disruption of a hydrogen bonded network between water and PPG.
The effect of five sugars (mannitol, maltose, raffinose, sucrose and trehalose) on the Tm (transition temperature) of aqueous PPG 1000 solutions was studied by HSDSC and turbidity measurements. All the sugars decreased the phase separation temperature of the PPG solutions, with trehalose and maltose showing the greatest effect.

A series of experiments, using HPLC, showed that phase separated PPG (1000 Da) increased the apparent aqueous solubility of naphthalene.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemistry, polypropylene glycols, polymers,
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2018 11:22
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/21538

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