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Weak and Strong Computational Creativity

Weak and Strong Computational Creativity

Al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid ORCID: 0000-0002-1798-9615 and Bishop, Mark (2014) Weak and Strong Computational Creativity. Computational Creativity Research: Towards Creative Machines. Atlantis Thinking Machines, 7 . Atlantis Press, Paris, pp. 37-49. ISBN 978-9462390843 (doi:

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In the spirit of Searle’s definition of weak and strong artificial intelligence, this paper presents a discussion on weak computational creativity in swarm intelligence systems. It addresses the concepts of freedom and constraint and their impact on the creativity of the underlying systems. An analogy is drawn on mapping these two ‘prerequisites’ of creativity onto the two well-known phases of exploration and exploitation in swarm intelligence algorithms, followed by the visualisation of the behaviour of the swarms whose performance are evaluated in the context of arguments presented. The paper also discusses that the strong computational creativity is presented in ways emphasising that genuine creativity implies ‘genuine under- standing’ and other cognitive states, along with autonomy – asserting that without ‘Strong Embodiment’, computational systems are not genuinely autonomous.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational creativity, Searle, art, freedom, creativity, swarmic freedom
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 13:07

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