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Potential accessibility to the workplace by public transit and its social distribution in Lille, France: an equity appraisal

Potential accessibility to the workplace by public transit and its social distribution in Lille, France: an equity appraisal

Papaix, Claire, Dupont-Kieffer, Ariane and Palmier, Patrick (2018) Potential accessibility to the workplace by public transit and its social distribution in Lille, France: an equity appraisal. [Working Paper] (Submitted)

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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a proxy measure to appraise equity in urban mobility policy based on the theoretical framework developed by the European cooperation in the field of transport equity (TEA COST, 2012). Using the commuting trips database of 2006 for the Lille metropolitan area, and geo-localized employment data from the French Census of 2010, we compute an indicator of the potential accessibility to the workplace by public transport (PT) at the municipal level, as the “good to redistribute”. This allows us to identify the municipalities that are most lagging behind in terms of PT travel time, to reach what we define as the synthetic potential job market. Then, starting from general observations on social differences among commuters to access the labor market, we aggregate this indicator at the scale of commuter groups – by gender, household structure, educational background, socio-professional category and immigration status (defining the “members of the society”). Lastly, we simulate a reduction of the PT commuting times by 20% and 40% from the least served municipalities, and analyse the effects on the number and value of the accessible jobs gained by each travelers group. Interpreting results in the light of our “yardstick rule” (Sufficiency approach), we conclude that transport-oriented policy alone is not the panacea to address equity and that cross-sectoral solutions are needed.

Item Type: Working Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Potential accessibility to jobs; commuting trips; equity appraisal; public transport (PT) travel time savings; Sufficiency approach
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Connected Cities Research Group
Faculty of Business > Networks and Urban Systems Centre (NUSC) > Connected Cities Research Group
Faculty of Business > Department of Systems Management & Strategy
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2019 12:31
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT d
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 3
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/20035

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