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Cashew Nut Production in Tanzania: Constraints and Progress through Integrated Crop Management.

Cashew Nut Production in Tanzania: Constraints and Progress through Integrated Crop Management.

Martin, P.J., Topper, C.P., Bashiru, R.A., Boma, F., De Waal, D., Harries, H.C., Kasuga, L.J., Katinila, N., Kikoka, L.P., Lamboll, R., Maddison, A.C., Majule, A.E., Masawe, P.A., Millanzi, K.J., Nathaniels, N.Q., Shomari, S.H., Sijaona, M.E. and Stathers, T. ORCID: 0000-0002-7767-6186 (1997) Cashew Nut Production in Tanzania: Constraints and Progress through Integrated Crop Management. Crop Protection, 16 (1). pp. 5-14. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(96)00067-1)

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Abstract

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) is the fourth most valuable Tanzanian export crop after coffee, cotton and tea. Following a steady increase in production from the middle of this century, there was a dramatic decline from 145,000 t in 1973 to 16,500 t in 1986. This was caused by a complex of socio-economic (low producer prices, inefficient marketing, villagisation) and biological factors (cashew powdery mildew disease, low tree yields, overcrowding of trees). Recently, higher cashew prices and liberalised marketing have created favourable conditions that have encouraged farmers to tackle several of the biological constraints on production. As a result, cashew production has risen steadily from 16,500 t in 1986 to 70,320 t in 1994.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cashew; integrated crop management; production constraints; Tanzania
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Postharvest Science and Technology Research Group
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2018 15:30
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19995

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