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Sources of heterogeneity in the impact of subsidies on R&D investment: Evidence from R&D-active UK firms

Sources of heterogeneity in the impact of subsidies on R&D investment: Evidence from R&D-active UK firms

Ugur, Mehmet ORCID: 0000-0003-3891-3641 and Trushin, Eshref (2018) Sources of heterogeneity in the impact of subsidies on R&D investment: Evidence from R&D-active UK firms. [Working Paper] (Submitted)

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Abstract

Due to externalities associated with research and development (R&D) investment, public subsidies are expected to have additionality effects on business R&D expenditures. Yet, the existing evidence reflects a high degree of heterogeneity and the latter has remained largely unexplained in a systematic manner. This paper aims to bridge this knowledge gap by drawing on the theory of incentives. We hypothesize that subsidies are less likely to have additionality effects when receiving firms are large or the economy is in downturn. Results based on matching and double robust estimations with panel data of 43,650 UK firms from 1998 to 2012 lend strong support to our hypotheses. Robust to different estimation methods and subsamples, our findings support more focused R&D subsidy policy, which could better target smaller firms and start-ups.

Item Type: Working Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Treatment effect, R&D subsidy, innovation, additionality, UK
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA)
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA) > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2019 16:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT c
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 1
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19932

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