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Insecticidal activity of a native Australian tobacco, Nicotiana megalosiphon Van Heurck & Muell. Arg. (Solanales: Solanaceae) against key insect pests of brassicas

Insecticidal activity of a native Australian tobacco, Nicotiana megalosiphon Van Heurck & Muell. Arg. (Solanales: Solanaceae) against key insect pests of brassicas

Amoabeng, B. W., Stevenson, P. C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0736-3619, Pandey, S., Mochiah, M. B. and Gurr, M. G. (2017) Insecticidal activity of a native Australian tobacco, Nicotiana megalosiphon Van Heurck & Muell. Arg. (Solanales: Solanaceae) against key insect pests of brassicas. Crop Protection, 106. pp. 6-12. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.11.018)

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Abstract

Concerns over the harmful effects of synthetic insecticides have stimulated interest in alternative pest management tactics including botanical insecticides that provide novel modes of action against pests that have developed resistance against synthetic insecticides. Much work has been conducted using plants native to various developing countries but the Australian flora has been little explored as a source of novel plant protection treatments. Here we report potent insecticidal properties of the Australian plant, native tobacco Nicotiana megalosiphon against three key pests of brassicas: the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella), cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae) and the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae). Aqueous extracts (1%, 5% and 10% w/v) of N. megalosiphon gave up to 100% control of P. xylostella; better than the recommended rate of tau-fluvalinate (a synthetic pyrethroid) or equivalent extracts of a second Australian native plant, Mentha satureioides. Treatment with N. megalosiphon also gave 100% control of B. brassicae at the highest two concentrations, and of M. persicae at the highest concentration. In a second study using F1 P. xylostella survivors of tau-fluvalinate treatment, the highest two rates of N. megalosiphon caused 100% mortality though efficacy of tau-fluvalinate was eroded compared with use on the previous generation. Chemical analysis of N. megalosiphon recorded the presence of anabasine at 5.2 μg/ml in water extracts of leaves and 59.4 μg/ml in methanol extracts of leaves. While these concentrations were low particularly for the water extracts they might nevertheless explain the biological activity of N. megalosiphon.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Native tobacco, Mentha satureioides, Tau-fluvalinate, Aqueous extracts, Plutella xylostella, Brevicoryne brassicae, Myzus persicae, Anabasine
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Chemical Ecology Research Group
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 10:50
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19444

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